All products produced by Paw-Treats are not suitable for human consumption and must be kept away from children. The sale or use of the products by persons under 21 (twenty-one) years of age is not permitted. This product should only be used in accordance with the descriptions on the product label. This product should not be used in pregnant or lactating animals. Before using the product, consult a competent person (veterinarian, doctor, pharmacist or other authorized person and expert), especially if your animal has medical issues and/or is taking medications. None of the statements primarily on cannabis, cannabinoids, CBD or on other substances, in particular of the genus Cannabis sativa L, were reviewed by the FDA or EFSA. This product is therefore not intended for the diagnosis, treatment, cure or prevention of any disease.

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PAW-TREATS GMBH

Froburgstrasse 18
4052 Basel
Switzerland

contact@paw-treats.com

+41 61 511 25 85

© BY PAW-TREATS GMBH 2019

Osteoarthritis

What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis ("Arthrosis") is one of the most common joint diseases and occurs in animals of all ages and breeds. It is a disease process that is a result of an excessive wear and tear of the joint. This process starts with damage to the cartilage and later also leads to changes in the bone, joint capsule and surrounding soft tissue. Although Osteoarthritis is classified as non-inflammatory according to the textbooks, it is always associated with a mild permanent inflammation.
In principle, Osteoarthritis is divided into two forms, the primary and the secondary. Primary Osteoarthritis usually occurs at an advanced age and its cause is largely unknown. Secondary Osteoarthritis on the other hand, is the result of an underlying disease of the joint. These include diseases that lead to unequal load distribution (e.g. joint dysplasia), cause instability (e.g. anterior cruciate ligament rupture), trigger inflammation (e.g. infections) or result in undue strain (e.g. overweight).
 
As a consequence of the above-mentioned causes, primary the joint cartilage becomes damaged. This results, among other things, in the release of pieces of cartilage, which can trigger an inflammatory reaction of the synovial fluid and thus set off a vicious circle. Due to the inflammation, there is a breakdown of cartilage tissue and consequently a progressive destruction of the articular cartilage. However, Osteoarthritis also leads to changes in all other joint structures. New bony protrusions form and the joint capsule becomes increasingly hardened. The changes associated with osteoarthritis lead to pain, joint swelling, reduced mobility and increasing lameness.
Therapeutic approaches
Osteoarthritis per se is not curable, but one can try to stop or at least slow down the disease process. In the case of secondary Osteoarthritis, the cause should be treated if possible. However, often the underlying disease is not completely curable and even if so, the existing changes often still continue to cause the animals difficulties. For this reason, one of the main goals in both forms of Osteoarthritis is to maintain the quality of life as high as possible and to delay the further progression of the disease by supportive measures.

Some of the possible supportive measures are:

Supplementary feeds
Various feed additives, such as cannabidiol, glucosamine or chondroitin, can be given to support the joints. These and some other active ingredients are included in our product Agility+.
Medicines
Depending on the severity of the disease, different medications can be advisable. Which and in which dosage, must be decided by the veterinarian depending on the case.
Weight reduction
A lot of dogs with osteoarthritis are overweight. In these animals, a reduction in body weight can help reduce the strain on the joints.
Performance adjustment
Overstrains such as sports, jumps and sudden changes of direction should be avoided, as they put a heavy strain on the joints. Instead, an exercise program with low strain (e.g. swimming) should be chosen.
Physiotherapy 
Regular passive and active exercises can promote mobility and strengthen the muscles. For this purpose it is recommended to consult a well-trained animal physiotherapist.